The Equine Skeleton
The horse has 205 bones making up their skeleton. The skeleton can be put into two main categories the Axial Skeleton and the Appendicular Skeleton.
Function Of Bones
Types of Bones
The equine skeleton is made up of a combination of Flat bones, Long bones, Short bones, Irregular bones and Sesamoid bones.
These have a broad flat surface onto which muscles can attach for example the bones in the head .
These are quite literally bones which are long, contain marrow and that have two joint surfaces at either end, these joint surfaces are called epiphyses. An example of a long bone would be the cannon bone in the lower limb.
These are bones which are short in length for example the Carpal Bones.
These are irregular in size and shape and an example would be the bones that make up the vertebrae.
These act in conjunction with the tendons and prevent the tendon from making contact with the bone for example the Navicular bone works with the Deep Digital Flexor Tendon.
There are approximately 205 bones making up the equine skeleton.
There are approximately 51 to 56 in total.
1 Sternum Bone.
Forelimb contains 20 bones in each limb.
Hindlimb contains 20 bones in each limb.
The skull contains 37 bones.
36 in total ( Arab horses often have 37 ribs).